Protalix BioTherapeutics Receives Approval to Initiate Phase I Study in Gaucher patients with PRX-112, an Orally-Administered Candidate for the Treatment of Gaucher Disease
CARMIEL, Israel, March 7, 2013 /GlobeNewswire /Protalix BioTherapeutics, Inc. (NYSE MKT:PLX, TASE:PLX), announced today that it has received approval from the Israeli Ministry of Health to initiate a phase I clinical trial of PRX-112, or Oral GCD, the Company's orally-administered product candidate for the treatment of Gaucher disease. Oral GCD is a plant cell expressed form of the glucocerebrosidase enzyme (GCD) that is naturally encapsulated within carrot cells and administered orally. The Company anticipates initiating this trial in two Israeli medical centers during the next month.
"The majority of currently diagnosed patients with Gaucher disease are treated with bi-weekly intravenous infusions of enzyme replacement therapy. Having a safe and effective orally available enzyme agent would potentially improve patients' quality of life without compromising on the benefits of enzyme therapy," commented Dr. David Aviezer, Protalix BioTherapeutics' President and Chief Executive Officer. "Our clinical trial programs for IV administered plant cell-expressed GCD have already demonstrated that the enzyme is safe and effective in treating Gaucher disease. Now, in evaluating Oral GCD, our main goal is to achieve therapeutic levels of the enzyme in the bloodstream after oral consumption by patients."
The phase I clinical trial is an open label safety and pharmacokinetic study designed to assess the delivery of prGCD after oral administration of Oral GCD in 12 Gaucher patients. Subjects will receive 250mL of re-suspended carrot cells in a single oral administration during the first cohort of the trial and three consecutive daily administrations during the second cohort of the trial. The Company expects the phase I trial to be completed during the second quarter of 2013.
Pre-clinical studies of oral GCD demonstrate the stability of the enzyme in the carrot cell and the capacity of the cell's cellulose wall to protect the enzyme against degradation in the digestive tract in an in-vitro model of the stomach and intestines. Additionally, both rats and pigs fed with PRX 112, lyophilized carrot cells expressing GCD, have demonstrated enzyme levels in the plasma and accumulation of the active enzyme in target organs such as the spleen and liver.
Dr. Yoseph Shaaltiel, Protalix BioTherapeutics' Executive Vice President, Research & Development added: "Our animal studies have already demonstrated the capacity of plant cells to serve as a vehicle for oral administration of other therapeutic proteins. These proteins include for example, our plant cell-expressed antiTNF fusion protein, a plant cell version of etanercept (Enbrel®). Given the results of our preclinical studies, we believe our Oral GCD clinical study will support our belief that we have developed a wider platform for oral protein delivery."
Protalix is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of recombinant therapeutic proteins expressed through its proprietary plant cell based expression system, ProCellEx®. Protalix's unique expression system presents a proprietary method for developing recombinant proteins in a cost-effective, industrial-scale manner. Protalix's first product manufactured by ProCellEx, ELELYSOT (taliglucerase alfa), was approved for marketing by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on May 1, 2012 and by Israel's Ministry of Health in September 2012. Protalix has partnered with Pfizer Inc. for the worldwide development and commercialization of ELELYSOT, excluding Israel, where Protalix retains full rights. Marketing applications for taliglucerase alfa have been filed in additional territories as well. Protalix's development pipeline also includes the following product candidates: PRX-102, a modified version of the recombinant human alpha-GAL-A protein for the treatment of Fabry disease; PRX-105, a pegylated recombinant human acetylcholinesterase in development for several therapeutic and prophylactic indications, a biodefense program and an organophosphate-based pesticide treatment program; an orally-delivered glucocerebrosidase enzyme that is naturally encased in carrot cells, also for the treatment of Gaucher disease; pr-antiTNF, a similar plant cell version of etanercept (Enbrel®) for the treatment of certain immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and plaque psoriasis; and others.
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Source: Protalix BioTherapeutics, Inc.